hòu  / empress / queen / surname /


hòu  / back / behind / rear / afterwards / after / later /


  xīn  / heart / mind /


  qián  / before / in front / ago / former / previous / earlier / front /


没 /   méi  / (negative prefix for verbs) / have not / not /

mò  / drowned / to end / to die / to inundate /


  zì  / from / self / oneself / since /


  jìu  / at once / then / right away / only / (emphasis) / to approach / to move towards / to undertake /


为 /   wéi  / act as / take...to be / to be / to do / to serve as / to become /

wèi  / because of / for / to /


  zài  / (located) at / in / exist / (before verbs) immediately involved in / right in the middle of doing /


  yǐ  / to use / according to / so as to / in order to / by / with / because / Israel (abbrev.) /


  hé  / and / together with / with / peace / harmony / union /

hè  / cap (a poem) / respond in singing /