自三峡七百里中,两岸连山,略无阙处。重岩叠嶂,隐天蔽日。自非亭午夜分,不见曦月。

至于夏水襄陵,沿溯阻绝。或王命急宣,有时朝发白帝,暮到江陵,其间千二百里,虽乘奔御风,不以疾也。

春冬之时,则素湍绿潭,回清倒影。绝巘多生怪柏,悬泉瀑布,飞漱其间,清荣峻茂,良多趣味。

每至晴初霜旦,林寒涧肃,常有高猿长啸,属引凄异,空谷传响,哀转久绝。故渔者歌曰:“巴东三峡巫峡长,猿鸣三声泪沾裳。”

三峡 (sān xiá) The Three Gorges
Author: 郦道元 (lì dào yuán)
Northern and Southern Dynasties, 南北朝 (nán běi cháo)

Within the seven hundred miles of the Three Gorges, with a chain of mountains spanning both shores, is a place without deficiency. Multiple cliffs fold into a range of peaks, concealing the sky and shielding the sun, regardless of whether it is midnoon or midnight, one could not see the light of the day or the moon.

Going as far as the Xia Shui Xiang Ling river, the way upstream is obstructed. Perhaps on a king's hurried order, now and then I would leave Bai Di in the early morning, arriving in Jiang Ling in the evening, such that for a thousand and two hundred miles, even riding as swiftly as the wind, I could not be quick enough.

In the times of spring and winter, there is a clean rush of deep green water, returning a clear reflection. In the high mountain peaks there grew many strange cedars, as well as a falling cataract of water, flying through their midst, pure and glorious, steep and luxuriant, it is very interesting.

During every clear morning when frost started appearing, the woods became cold and the mountain streams were silent, often there were tall apes howling incessantly, evoking a strange feeling of sorrow, the empty valley transferred the sounds, which sorrowfully echoed for a long time before stopping. This caused the author of a fisherman's song to say, "Of the Three Gorges in eastern Sichuan, the Wu Gorge is long, the apes crying out three times resulted in a tear-stained garment."

峡 /   xiá  / gorge /



  zhàng  / cliff / range of peaks /


  lüè  / plan / strategy / outline / summary / slightly / rather / to rob / to plunder / to summarize /


阙 /   quē  / deficiency /

què  / (surname) / imperial city /


叠 /   dié  / fold up / repeat /


  bì  / to cover / to shield / to screen / to conceal /


  xī  / light of day /


  xiāng  / assist /


  sù  / go upstream / trace the source /


  yù  / defend / imperial / to drive /

yù  / defend / resist /


  tuān  / to rush (of water) /


  yǎn  / peak of mountain /


  shù  / to rinse (mouth) /


啸 /   xiào  / to hiss / to whistle /


  sù  / plain / element /